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|Medan New Airport Kuala Namu Opens|
Kuala Namu International Airportis a newly constructed international airport located in Kuala Namu Deli Serdang North Sumatra replacing Polonia Airport Medan. The airport is located on the site of what was previously an oil palm plantation of PT. Perkebunan Nusantara II Tanjung Morawa. When opened, the airport is expected to become the new international transit center in Sumatra and the western part of Indonesia. It is part of Indonesia's central government's program under "Masterplan to Accelerate and Expand Economic Development in Indonesiaˇˇ(MP3EI) and one of the strategies for the ASEAN Single Aviation Market (ASEAN-SAM), and opem skies policy among member-countries in the Southeast Asia starting 2015.
The airport opened on July 25, 2013, handling all flights and services shifted from Polonia International Airport
Facilities and infrastructure
The airport is Indonesia's second largest, after Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, with a 224,298 m2 passengers terminal and will eventually have a capacity of 50 million passengers (2030), a figure if realised today would place the airport in the top 10 busiest by passenger numbers in the world, although by the time this figure is achieved it is likely that there will be many airports carrying more passengers.
It contains a 3,750 x 60 m runway, also another two parallel taxi-way 3,750 m and 2,000 m (each with wide 30 m) that can accommodatewide-body aircraft including the Airbus A380 It also includes an apron area measuring 664 m2 capable of handling 33 aircraft. It also has a 13,000 m2÷ cargo area that can handle 3 carriers with 65,000 tonnes/annum and 50,820 m2÷ parking capacity with 405 taxis, 55 busses, and 908 cars. For more accessibility, the airport will have 10 door gates, another highway (non-toll road), toll road, and non-stop rail link to Medan.
Spread on 1,365 ha land area, 20ˇˇkm North East of Polonia airport, 3ˇˇkm from the sea, and on a site of area 6,5 x 2,1ˇˇkm.Phase 1 (2010) of the new airport plans for a capacity to serve 9 million passengers annually and predicted to operate the airport by the end of 2012.By Phase 2 (2017), the airport would be servicing 16 million passengers, 4,5 million international, and 2,63 million international transit passengers.
It has been predicted all of the land will be cleared before end of 2012 when 'shadow operation' begins.The other problems are runway construction which has schedule to finish 18 months after the project started on January 2011, infrastructure building and power generator installment.The airport will cost at least $4,4 billion, using the August 2007 exchange rate
Airside facilities would be controlled by the Indonesian government, while landside facilities would be owned by a joint venture withˇˇPT Angkasa Pura II , which is expected to provide $350 million as an initial investment in return for a 30-year lease, after which ownership would revert to PT Angkasa Pura II. The airport will be linked to the city of Medan by a $10,7 million railway project.A highway about 18ˇˇkm also being planned to connect the airport to Medan. It will cost $1,5 billions and eventually have 4 interchanges, 4 underpasses, 7 topperpasses, and 3 toll gates.
The airport will be the first in Indonesia with a publicly accessible check-in area (current Indonesian airports restrict access to ticket holders with security at the gate). This means a much larger and more spacious check-in area than the existing airport. The airport is being designed by Wiratman & Associates, who also designed several other new airports and office buildings in Indonesia. Computer renderings showing a T-shape design are on the company's website.Another rendering and masterplan can be found in Angkasa Pura II website.Also a visualization of the future airport video.
At the end of May 2011, land construction for the runway was only 10 percent completed but was stopped due to local supplier difficulties to supply sand and landfill. The contractor proposed an excavation license throughDeli Serdang regional development to avoid dependencies on local supplier. The runway construction might be finished after 2012, since the site was paddy field and swamp area.
At the end of November 2011, 70 percent of the airport site has been finished and was slated for completion by 2012 including a highway (non-toll road) and a railway, with a tollroad to be completed afterwards.
In early 2013, overall progress has reached 95%.ˇˇOn January 10, 2013 the airport commenced technical and navigation system tests. The airport is slated to fully commence operations on July 25, 2013 to replace the 85-years-old Polonia Airport.
A state-owned bus company Damri will eventually expand its new routes since the airport has been operated. Meanwhile, an inner-city bus Trans Medan also being planned to carry
Train services will provided by Railink, a joint venture between Angkasa Pura II and Indonesian Railway. Also a non-stop service will connect to Medan City Air Terminal. It will carry passengers to and from
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